CPAT Regional Historic Environment Record
The following information is from the on-line database Archwilio

Pontnewydd Cave

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 102132
Trust : Clwyd Powys
Site Type : Cave occupation
Period : Palaeolithic
Community : Cefnmeiriadog
NGR : SJ01527102
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Description :
Cave occupied about 250,000 years ago by Neanderthal people. Stone implements, animal and human bones found. Bones of deer, bison, rhinoceros, horse, wolf, fox, hare and birds found. Bones from adult and three children also found.

Artefacts included hand axes, disc shaped cores, flakes and scrapers. The 1985 season produced find of unworn molar from immature individual perhaps 8 to 12 years old.

Sources :
Grimes, W F , 1951 , Prehistory of Wales
Green, S , 1988 , Pontnewydd , Archaeology in Wales : 28 : 51-2
Green, S , 1987 , Pontnewydd Cave , Archaeology in Wales : 27 : 39
Davies, E , 1929 , The Prehistoric and Roman remains of Denbighshire
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales , 1914 , Inventory of the Ancient Monuments in Wales and Monmouthshire - IV County of Denbigh
Green, S , 1985 , Pontnewydd Cave , Archaeology in Wales : 25 : 25-6
Green, H S et al , 1981 , Pontnewydd Cave in Wales - a new Middle Pleistocene hominid site , Nature : 294 : 707-13
Green, H S & Currant, A P , 1982 , Early Man in Wales: Pontnewydd Cave (Clwyd) and its Pleistocene Fauna , Nature in Wales : 1 : 40-3
Unknown , 1874 , title unknown - Bontnewydd Cave
Green, H S , 1978 , Excavations at Pontnewydd Cave, St Asaph , Archaeology in Clwyd : 1 : 10
Green, H S , 1983 , Excavations at Pontnewydd and Cefn Caves , Archaeology in Clwyd : 6 : 1
Green, H S , 1981 , Excavations at Pontnewydd Cave, St Asaph , Archaeology in Clwyd : 4 : 2
Green, H S , 1980 , Excavations at Pontnewydd Cave, St Asaph , Archaeology in Clwyd : 3 : 6
Green, H S , 1984 , Pontnewydd Cave, a lower palaeolithic hominid site in Wales: 1st report
Hughes, T M , 1887 , On the drifts of the vale of Clywd and their relation to the caves and cave deposits , Journal of the Geological Society of London : 43 : 73-120
Jacobi, R M , 1980 , The upper palaeolithic of Britain with special reference to Wales
Stanley, E , 1832 , Memoir on a cave at Cefn in Denbighshire , Journal of the Geological Society of London? : 14 : 40-53
Valdemar, A E , 1970 , A new assessment of the occupation of the Cefn caves in relation to the Pont Newydd cave , Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain : 12 : 109-12
Livingston, H J , 1985 , Glaciers, lakes and the elwy valley , Archaeology in Clwyd : 7 : 6-7
Hicks, H , 1886 , Results of some recent researches in some bone caves in North Wales , Journal of the Geological Society of London : 42 : 3-11
Valdemar, A E & Jones, R D , 1970 , An initial report on the archaeological and palaeontological caves and rock shelters in North Wales , Transactions of the Cave Research Group of Great Britain : 12 : 99-107
Green, H S , 1981 , The First Welshman: excavations at Pontnewydd , Antiquity : 55 : 184-95
Burnham, H , 1995 , A Guide to Ancient and Historic Wales: Clwyd and Powys
Green, H S , 1986 , The Palaeolithic settlement of Wales research project: a review of progress 1978-85
Green, H S & Walker, E , 1991 , Ice Age Hunters and Early Modern Hunters in Wales
Green, H S et al , 1989 , Le site Acheuleen de la Grotte de Pontnewydd, Pas de Galles
Aldhouse-Green, S et al , 1996 , Holocene humans at Pontnewydd and Cae Gronw caves , Antiquity : 70 : 444-447
Gibson, A M , 1996 , Proposed Cefn Meiriadog Watermains Refurbishment: archaeological assessment ( © CPAT)
Davies, J , 1999 , The Making of Wales
Cadw , 1985 , Cadw Field Monument Wardens Report - De116(DEN)
Cadw , 2003 , Cadw Field Monument Wardens Report - De116(DEN)
Cadw , 1990 , Scheduling map - De116(DEN)
Ordnance Survey , 1959 , OS record card SJ 07 SW 14
Clwyd Archaeology Service , Photograph of Bontnewydd Cave
Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust , 2002 , CPAT Project Archive - lithics
Clwyd Archaeology Service , 1979 , title unknown - Bontnewydd Cave
Denbighshire Free Press , 1998 , title unknown - Bontnewydd Cave
National Museum of Wales , 1994 , Correpondence - Bontnewydd Cave
National Museum of Wales , 1981 , title unknown - Bontnewydd Cave
Silvester, R J & Owen, W J , 2002 , Early Prehistoric Settlement in Mid and North-East Wales: the Lithic Evidence ( © CPAT)
Chamberlain, A 1996 - C14 date

Events :
312756 : Bontnewydd Cave, field visit 1985 (year : 1985)
39919 : Bontnewydd Cave, excavation 1984ff (year : 1984)
35000 : Cefn Merriadog Watermains, assessment 1996 (year : 1996)
330467 : Bontnewydd Cave, field visit 2002 (year : 2002)
37598 : Bontnewydd Cave, excavation C19th (year : C19th)
121751 : Caves: Scheduling Enhancement Project Field Visit, 2009 (year : 2009)
113237 : Early Prehistoric Settlement in Mid and North East Wales: The Lithic Evidence, desk-based assessment 2002 (year : 2002)

Related PRNs :


Images :



Archaeological data, from the Historic Environment Record, supplied by The Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX CPAT, 2013 (and in part Crown, 2013). It is intended to be used for private research only and is not for use as part of commercial projects. If you wish to use this information for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. Use of this information is subject to the terms and conditions of access to HER data published on CPAT's website. Please contact the HER if you have any further questions regarding this information. Please quote the Primary Reference Numbers (PRNs) in any correspondence.

April 24, 2014, 9:36 pm - File produced for Archwilio from CPAT's Regional HER.
Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust, Curatorial Section, 41 Broad Street, Welshpool, Powys SY21 7RR.
tel (01938) 553670, fax (01938) 552179, website www.cpat.org.uk

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