Gwynedd Archaeological Trust
Regional Historic Environment Record

Roman Fort, Brithdir

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 1546
Trust : Gwynedd
Community : Brithdir and Llanfachreth
NGR : SH77141890
Site Type (preferred type first) : Roman FORT
Legal Protection : Scheduled Ancient Monument

Summary :
Brithdir Roman Fortlet is located on a square, level platform above the river Wnion, and less than half a kilometre east of Brithdir. The site is beside an old road which is thought to represent the line of the Roman road from Caer Gai, 27 kilometres to the North East. It provides good views along the Wnion valley, and also along the valley leading to Llanfachreth. Although the ramparts have been largely ploughed-out, excavations have revealed a multi-phased site that has its origins in the Iron Age.

Description :
Fortlet discovered in 1961 by St. Joseph. <1> <2>

According to Morris 1890 the field in which the fortlet is situated is called 'Cae'r Fynwent' (field of the graveyard). In support of this, he claims that in 1821 human bones were supposedly ploughed up here. <3>

A fragment of the rampart on the south side as been removed by excavation. <4>

Overview of Roman occupation. <5>

(Paper record includes a list and short description of the excavation plans No's 1 - 64)

The military ditch did not appear in the new water mains trench and so it can be deduced that there is a break of at least 16m in the defences at this point. There appears to have been very wide and poorly defended gap in the defences, casting some doubt as to the effectiveness of the polygonal enclosure as a military feature. It is possible that this area of the defences was abandoned before completion or was a temporary annex to a more permanent fortification. (Hopewell & Riley, 1996)

Sources :
Hopewell, D. & Riley, H. , 1996 , Brithdir Archaeological Watching Brief ( © GAT)
Waddington, K. , 2010 , Early Celtic Societies in North Wales
Waddington, K. , 2013 , The Settlements of Northwest Wales: From the Late Bronze Age to the Early Medieval Period
White, R. B. , 1978 , Monographs & Collections, I, Roman Sites , <11>
St. Joseph, J. K. , 1961 , Journal of Roman Studies , <1>
St. Joseph, J. K. , 1961 , Antiquity , <2>
Morris, R. P. , 1890 , Cantref Meirionnydd: ei Chwedlan, ei Hynafiaethau, a'i hanes , <3>
Ordnance Survey , 1977 , SH71NE 1 , <4>
Davies, J. L. , 1979 , Roman Military Deployment in Wales , <5>
White, R. B. , 1974 , Excavations at Brithdir 1974 , <7>
Owen, W. G. , 1994 , Brithdir Roman Fort , <9>
Johnstone, N. , 1989 , PRN 1546 , <6>
Davidson, A. , 1989 , Me 080 , <8>
Burnham, H. B. & Davies, J. , 2010 , Roman Frontiers in Wales and the Marches , <10>

Events :
42042 : Me 080 Fmw Site Visit (year : 1994)
42043 : Me 080 Fmw Site Visit (year : 1989)
40355 : Brithdir Archaeological Watching Brief (year : 1996)
44557 : Early Celtic Societies in North Wales (year : 2010)

Related PRNs :


The above data are supplied by GAT in partnership with its Local Authorities (Anglesey, Conwy and Gwynedd County Councils, and Snowdonia National Park Authority), © GAT 2014 (and in part © Crown, 2014 - as indicated)
This information is supplied for the purposes of personal interest only and may not be used as part of a commercial project.

December 22, 2014, 6:23 am - HTML file produced from Gwynedd Archaeological Trust Regional HER
Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, Craig Beuno, Garth Road, Bangor, Gwynedd.  LL57 2RT
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