The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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The Mount: Pen-y-Lan

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00005g
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Site Type : Hillfort
Period : Iron Age
Community : Michaelstone-y-fedw
NGR : ST25858487
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Summary :
Earthwork encircles the summit of a small hill which is situated in fairly low-lying ground, with no strong natural defences.

Description :
Earthwork encircles the summit of a small hill which is situated in fairly low-lying ground, with no strong natural defences.
The enclosure is sited on the top of a low ridge and consists of a gently sloping bank or scarp around a flat interior. (Wiggins and Evans 2005)

A circular enclosure of approximately 73m in diameter, with a single bank and ditch that have been reduced from ploughing in the 1970s and 1980s. Defences are bivallate or annexed.
The enclosure is sited on the top of a low ridge and consists of a gently sloping bank or scarp around a flat interior. To the north is a bank with a maximum internal height of 0.3m, but with a maximum external height of 1.8m. Outside of this is a sloping berm followed by a gently sloping scarp with a maximum height of 1.5m. To the east is a scarp of 1.5m with a faint ditch, on the south a bank with an internal height similar to the north side and with an external height of 1.5m. To the east there is no external ditch, but on the west end it has a steeper bank and an external ditch with a depth of 1.2m. On the west side is a very low scarp and no external ditch.
The defences to the north of the main enclosure may be interpreted as an annexe when looking at the aerial photos, although the RCAHMW survey of the monument does not support this theory - as the ends of the earthwork do not seem to curve inwards to enclose the area between, but instead tail off. (Wiggins 2006)

Sources :
Wiggins, H and Evans, E , 2005 , Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan with recommendations for fieldwork
Wiggins, H , 2006 , Prehistoric defended enclosures in Gwent ( © GGAT)
01/MM Record Card/OS///1962/ST 28 SE 1/
04/MM Air Photo//West Air///Bv 1778/11/
03/PM List//Mow//1953/Ams Eng & Wales/136
02/PM Desc Text////1950/BBCS/13,235
08/MM AP/West Air Photography//BU 1778/11/
05/MM Photo/GGAT/Lewis/W/1980//
06/MM AP/GGAT/Parkhouse/J/10.2.86//
07/MM Desc Text/AM 107/Whittle/E/1987/
09/MM A-P/GGAT/Owen John/H/23.08.89/A92 17-19
10/MMAP/RCAHM/1992/925305-20

Events :
E001550 : Prehistoric defended enclosures Gwent (year : 2006)
E001914 : Field visit The Mount: Pen-y-Lan (year : 1962 )
E001915 : Field visit The Mount: Pen-y-Lan (year : 1987 )
E001916 : Field visit The Mount: Pen-y-Lan (year : 1991 )
E001917 : Field visit The Mount: Pen-y-Lan (year : 1999 )
E001918 : Field visit The Mount: Pen-y-Lan (year : 2004 )
E002240 : Wentloog House, Castleton, Newport DBA (year : 1997)

Related PRNs :


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