The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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RHOS GWAWR CAIRN CEMETERY (CENTRAL GROUP)

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00030m
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Aberaman
NGR : SN99440082
Site Type (preferred type first) : Bronze Age Cairnfield
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Summary :
One of two groups of small cairns (the other being PRN 31m) associated with larger, definitely funerary cairns, on Rhos Gwawr. Consists of a series of small cairns, picked out in heather moorland as patches of moss and bilberry. Not certainly funerary,

Description :
One of two groups of small cairns (the other being PRN 31m) associated with larger, definitely funerary cairns, on Rhos Gwawr. Consists of a series of small cairns, picked out in heather moorland as patches of moss and bilberry. Not certainly funerary, but two of the cairns (4571m, 4572m, originally recorded as 30m (a) and (i))seem more likely to be funerary than the others. RCAHWM notes 16 cairns, but only 14 could be found. Cairn PRN 32m forms an outlier at the southern side of the group - not really part of it.
(a) = 4571m
(b) SN9942900781; 3.8m E-W x 2.7m, c0.3m high; oval, not very well defined; entirely covered in vegetation apart from one piece of sandstone visible at surface.
(c) SN9942600796; 4.4m E-W x 3.8m, c0.4m high; mostly covered with vegetation
(d) SN9943000796; 2.8m diameter; roughly circular but very poorly defined; entirely covered in vegetation
(e) SN9942800814; 3.2m across, c0.3m high; amorphous; entirely covered in vegetation
(f) SN9942300829; c3.0m across, c0.3m high; amorphous; entirely covered in vegetation except for one stone
(g) SN9942300835; c3.8m diameter, c0.3m high; roughly circular; entirely covered in vegetation
(h) SN9944800838; c3.2m diameter, c0.3m high; roughly circular; entirely covered in vegetation
(i) = 4572m
(j) SN9949300812; c2.7m diameter, roughly circular; entirely covered in vegetation
(k) SN9946600857; c3.2m diameter, c0.3m high; roughly circular; entirely covered in vegetation
(l) SN9945300861; c2.9m diameter, c0.m high; roughly circular but very poorly defined; entirely covered in vegetation including heather as well as the usual bilberry and moss
(m) SN9941900886; c1.8m across, c0.3m high; small circular knob-like mound, entirely covered in vegetation
(n) SN9942700900; c1.3m across, c0.2m high; small circular knob-like mound, entirely covered in vegetation Dimensions: See description.
SAM Gm 404 (PRN 30-3m, 1217m) consists of a group of 44 cairns on area of open moorland, falling into three main groups, with Gm 404a (PRN 33m) and Gm 404b (PRN 32m) individual cairns numbered separately from the main groups. (Source 03)
(1965/1976) Comprises sixteen cairns, with four outliers
(xvi) SN99490084. Elongated, 5.8m at 11 deg by 3.7m, 0.3m high.
(xvii) SN99480080. At 196 deg 39.3m from (xvi). 6m at 097 deg by 5m, 0.5m high.
(xviii) SN99460084. At 326 deg 36.6m from (xvii). 2.8m diameter , 0.2m high.
(xix) SN99470083. At 106 deg 12.8m from (xviii). Elongated, 3.7m at 11 deg by 2.5m, 0.3m high.
(xx) SN99450081. At 287deg 27.5m from (xvii). 3m diameter, 0.2m high.
(xxi) SN99430080. At 255 deg 22.8m from (xx). 3m diameter, 0.2m high.
(xxii) SN99440077. At 161 deg 20.2m from (xxi). 3m diameter, 0.2m high.
(xxiii) SN99430076. At 189 deg 17.4m from (xxii). 4.6m diameter, 0.5m high.
(xxiv) SN99450076. At 100 deg 12.8m from (xxiii). Elongated, 5.2m at 141 deg by 2.8m, 0.3m high.
(xxv) SN99450075. At 197 deg 5.5m from (xxiv). 4m diameter, 0.5m high.
(xxvi) SN99440074. At 232 deg 10m from (xxv). Elongated, 3.7m at 135 deg by 2.5m, 0.3m high.
(xxvii) SN99450073. At 162 deg 16.5m from (xxvi). 2m in diameter , 0.2m high.
(xxviii) SN 99480076. At 185 deg 36.6m from (xxvii). 1.8m diameter, 0.2m high.
(xxix) SN99500075. At 109 deg 12 m from (xxviii). 2m diameter, 0.2m high.
(xxx) SN99490077. At 002 deg 13.7m from (xxix). 2m diameter, 0.2m high.
(xxxi) SN99500078. At 036 deg 13.7m from (xxx). 2.5m diameter, 0.3m high.
(xxxii) SN99580084. At 063 deg 104.2m from (xvii). 3.4m in diameter, 0.5m high.
(xxxiii) SN99540100. At 026 deg 210.4 m from (xvii) = PRN 032m
(xxxiv) SN99480066. At 180 deg 144m from (xvii). 10.7m in diameter, 0.6m high. Only partly overgrown. Disturbed.
(xxxv) SN99480064. At 176 deg 16.5m from (xxxiv). 1m diameter, 0.2m high. (Source 01)
(1979) SAM Gm 404d (PRN 30m) Group of about 20 cairns (Source 03)
(1985) The cairns are small bilberry-covered mounds, scattered over a fairly small area of moorland. (Source 03)
GGAT 72 Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Project

Sources :
01/PM List/RCHM//1976/Glam Invent/No.483;
02/MM Record Card/OS//1962/SN 90 SE 3/;
03/MM Desc Text/CADW/Whittle E/1985/AM 107/
PM Desc Text/Evans EM/2000/GGAT 72 Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Project
05/Desc Text/Cadw/Full Management Report /01/02/2008/Copy in further information file.

Events :
E000520 : RHOS GWAWR CAIRN CEMETERY (CENTRAL GROUP), UNSPECIFIED EXCAV (year : )

Related PRNs : 31m, 32m, 33m, 1217m, 4571m, 4572m


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