The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record

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Nidum Roman Fort (Neath)

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00620w
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Site Type : Fort
Period : Roman
Community : Blaenhonddan
NGR : SS74749773
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Summary :
Several excavations have revealed the presence of the Roman Fort Nidum in Neath. The fort started as a timber building which was then abandoned, but later replaced by a stone structure, which was also left to ruin some time during post-Roman period.

Description :
Several excavations have been carried out at the site of Nidum Roman Fort, Neath, which have revealed various phases of occupation. In 1958 the earliest phase revealed was Early Flavian that was followed by a phase of abandonment. The evidence suggests that the site was abandoned either in the late Flavian period or during the Hadrianic period. The timber features present at the beginning of the site were then replaced with stone buildings which was made evident during the 1949 and1950 excavations.
An additional feature was reported in 1962 during an extension of Dwr-y-Felin School, which included the plotting of a wall.
Later excavations of the site include one from 1984-85. This excavation determined at least four phases of activity. This evidence was then supported by the results of an additional excavation in 1989 which identified the principia and a number of levelling and metalling events.

Evidence shows that the fort was left to ruin post-roman period.

Sources :
Cadw , Application for Scheduled Monument Consent
Cadw , Application for Scheduled Monument Consent
Marvell, A. and Heywood, B. , 1992 , Excavations at Neath , The Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies : 39 : 171-208
Marvell, A.G , 2010 , Neath
N Maylan , 2007 , Digital photographs (87)
01/Desc Text/Cadw/Full Management Report/2005/Copy in further information file

Events :
E000451 : NIDUM ROMAN FORT (NEATH), PARTIAL EXCAVATION, 1949-50 (year : 1949-50)
E003108 : Dwr-y-Felin School (Cwrt Herbert), Neath Port Talbot, 2009 (year : 2009)
E001561 : Excavation at Nidum Roman Fort, Neath, 1989 (year : 1989)
E003372 : Excavation of Neath Roman Fort, 1984-85 (year : 1984-85)
E003373 : Excavation at Dwr-y-Felin, Neath, 1958 (year : 1958)
E003374 : Evaluation at Cwrt Herbert playing field, Neath, 1993 (year : 1993)
E003375 : Geophysical Survey of Dwr-y-felin playing field, 2003 (year : 2003)
E003433 : Watching Brief at Dwr-y-Felin school, car park extension, 2006 (year : 2006)
E003434 : Watching Brief at Dwr-y-Felin school, 2006 (year : 2006)
E003435 : Excavation at Dwr-y-Felin school, 2006 (year : 2006)
E003436 : Evaluation of pipe line trench at Dwr-y-Felin school (year : 2010)
E003437 : Excavation at Dwr-y-Felin school, Neath, 2010-11 (year : 2010-2011)
E003438 : Evaluation at Dwr-y-Felin school, Neath, 2005 (year : 2005)
E003443 : Excavation at Dwr-y-Felin school, Neath, 2004 (year : 2004)
E003444 : Dwr-y-Felin school, Neath, 1962 drainage trench (year : 1962)

Related PRNs :

July 30, 2014, 5:12 pm - HTML file produced from GGAT HER Charitable Trust Ltd. Heathfield House, Heathfield, Swansea SA1 Tel. 01792 655208; Fax 01792 474469 website:  email: Registered Charity no. 505609
Data supplied by in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © GGAT HER Charitable Trust, 2014 (and in part © Crown, 2014).