The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological
Historic Environment Record
following information has been provided under the terms and conditions
of access as detailed on GGAT’s website www.ggat.org.uk.
Copyright is reserved on all data supplied by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust.
All output resulting from the use of the data must acknowledge the source
from information held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust copyright.
data below is intended to be used for information and research only and
is not for use as part of a commercial project. If you wish to use
information derived from material held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust
for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for
commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. For further
information or to arrange a visit to the Trust please send an enquiry form
BUARTH Y GAER (FORT)Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00679w
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Site Type : Hillfort
Period : Iron Age
Community : Briton Ferry
NGR : SS76559360
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument
Buarth y Gaer is a simple oval contour fort, 135m by 107m (0.1ha). The enclosure consists of a single bank with external ditch, best preserved on the E. and N.E. Entrance is 12m wide, and located at the W end. The structure is partly destroyed on the S.
Buarth y Gaer is located about 4 km south of Neath and 3km eastwards from Briton Ferry, on the summit of Mynydd y Gaer Fawr, at 300m above OD. 700m to the north, is the Mynydd y Gaer Camp (prn 00651w). It is a simple oval contour fort on the summit of Mynydd y Gaer, measuring 135m long by 107m wide, enclosing an area of 1.1ha. The enclosure consists of a single bank and external ditch, with an overall width about 10m. The defences are best preserved on the E. and N.E. The bank is about 0.7m high internally and 2m externally (from the bottom of the ditch). The entrance is 12m wide, and located at the W end. Some narrow gaps on the north of the bank appear to be modern. The structure has been partly destroyed on the S. by modern quarrying. Another element is a cairn (prn 00648w), situated on the highest point of the hill, inside the enclosure, though presumably earlier than the hill-fort (RCAHM 1976).
BUARTH Y GAER is a simple contour fort at 300m above OD on the summit of Mynydd y Gear, 3km E of Briton Ferry. It is oval in plan and measures 135m long from E to W by 107m wide enclosing 1.1ha, defended by a single bank with external ditch, of average overall width about 10m. The defences are best preserved on the E and NE where the bank is about 0.7m high internally, and nearly 2m externally above the bottom of the ditch. At the W end is a simple entrance 12m wide. Narrow gaps in the bank on the N appear to be modern. The defences have been partly destroyed on the S by modern quarrying.
Within the enclosure, on the highest point of the hill, is a cairn (RCAHMW 1976b 629) (PRN 00679w), presumably earlier than the hill-fort. (Wiggins and Evans 2005)
Wiggins, H and Evans, E , 2005 , Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan with recommendations for fieldwork
01/Desc Text/Cadw/ Full Management Report/2006/ Copy in further information file
RCAHMW, 1976, An Inventory of The Ancient Monuments In Glamorgan, I, ii, p26 (num.629), fig. 8
E001455 : Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan (year : 2005)
Related PRNs : 00648w, 00249w
July 31, 2014, 5:34 pm
- HTML file produced from GGAT HER Charitable Trust Ltd. Heathfield House,
Heathfield, Swansea SA1 Tel. 01792 655208; Fax 01792 474469 website: www.ggat.org.uk
email: email@example.com Registered Charity no. 505609
supplied by in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners
of ENDEX © GGAT HER Charitable Trust, 2014 (and in part © Crown,