The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

The following information has been provided under the terms and conditions of access as detailed on GGAT’s website www.ggat.org.uk.  Copyright is reserved on all data supplied by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust. All output resulting from the use of the data must acknowledge the source as follows:-
Derived from information held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust copyright.

The data below is intended to be used for information and research only and is not for use as part of a commercial project.  If you wish to use information derived from material held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. For further information or to arrange a visit to the Trust please send an enquiry form http://www.ggat.org.uk/her/english/enquiry_form.html to her@ggat.org.uk.

CAER BLAEN- Y-CWM MARGAM

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00759w
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Margam
NGR : SS83338807
Site Type (preferred type first) : Iron Age Hillfort
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Summary :
Caer Blaen-y-cwm stands at 300 m above OD. The enclosure is quadrangular, covering 0.1ha and is defended by two banks (4 to 6m wide, 0.7m high), separated by a ditch (1.5m deep from the edge of the banks). The entrance is on the S and is 4.5m wide.

Description :
Caer Blaen-y-cwm stands at 300 m above OD on a broad mountain spur falling gently to the S, about 4 km SW of Maesteg (RCAHM 1976). The enclosure is quadrangular, with west side measuring 25m, the north 31m, the east 39m and the south 44m, overall covering 0.1ha. The enclosure is defended by two banks (4 to 6m wide, 0.7m high), separated by a ditch (1.5m deep from the edge of the banks). The overall width is 11 to 15m. A hollow crosses the enclosure from the N to the S. On the N it has breached the defences, but on the S it appears to have been adapted to the original entrance, a 4.5m wide gap.

Caer Blaen-y-Cwm stands at 300m OD on a broad mountain spur falling gently to the S about 4km SW of Maesteg. The enclosure is quadrangular, the W and N sides straight, the E and S bowed outwards slightly. The area is 0.1ha. It is defended by a ditch between two banks. The overall width is 11 to 15m. A hollow trail cuts right through the fort from N to S. On the N it has breached the defences, but on the S it appears to have utilised the original entrance, which survives as a gap 4.5m wide through both banks.
The interpretation of the site published by Sir Cyril and Lady Fox (Antiquity VIII 1934, 400) suggests that the fort lies at the centre of a much larger square enclosure about 210m across. However reconsideration of the various earthworks suggests that they are not contemporary with the fort, or at any rate do not constitute an enclosure. (Wiggins and Evans 2005)

Sources :
Wiggins, H and Evans, E , 2005 , Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan with recommendations for fieldwork
01/AP Unknown source
02/PM Letter/J Knight/14.6.1995
RCAHMW, 1976, An Inventory of The Ancient Monuments In Glamorgan, I, ii, p33-34 (num.657)
Helen Burnham, CADW, 1986,Scheduled Welsh Historic Monuments, visit text (sam GM058, last visited in 2006)
GGAT, 1995, Site visit
AM7, 1931
GGAT, 2005, Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan with recommendations for fieldwork, report no. 2005/058, project no. GGAT 78

Events :
E001455 : Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan (year : 2005)
E002643 : Wind Farm, Mynydd Margam, Port Talbot DBA (year : 2001)

Related PRNs :


November 24, 2014, 9:18 pm - HTML file produced from GGAT HER Charitable Trust Ltd. Heathfield House, Heathfield, Swansea SA1 Tel. 01792 655208; Fax 01792 474469 website: www.ggat.org.uk  email: her@ggat.org.uk Registered Charity no. 505609
Data supplied by in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © GGAT HER Charitable Trust, 2014 (and in part © Crown, 2014).