The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

The following information has been provided under the terms and conditions of access as detailed on GGAT’s website www.ggat.org.uk.  Copyright is reserved on all data supplied by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust. All output resulting from the use of the data must acknowledge the source as follows:-
Derived from information held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust copyright.

The data below is intended to be used for information and research only and is not for use as part of a commercial project.  If you wish to use information derived from material held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. For further information or to arrange a visit to the Trust please send an enquiry form http://www.ggat.org.uk/her/english/enquiry_form.html to her@ggat.org.uk.

CAMP 530M E OF TONMAWR

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 00776w
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Site Type : Enclosure
Period : Iron Age
Community : Margam
NGR : SS83098617
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Summary :
The site is a ring, about 0.3ha, at 240m above OD. There is a single rampart on the W, 8.5-10m wide, 0.5 m high, and elsewhere is a scarp. On the NW, is also a ditch, and the entrance is on the SW. There are no internal structures.

Description :
The site lies at 240m above OD, on Ton Mawr, on a broad spur W of Cwm Kenfig, consisting of an irregular ring between 60-70m in diameter, covering an area about 0.3ha. It is defended by a single rampart on the W about 8.5 to 10m wide, 0.5 meter high, and elsewhere a scarp 4 to 6.5m wide and about 0.8m high except on the SE where it reaches nearly 2m in height. On the NW, there is also a shallow outer ditch 8 to 12m wide. The entrance is a simple gap on the SW, about 2m wide. There are no internal structures such as hut circles (RCAHMW).
According to a Cadw field visit report (1986), the ditch does in fact appear as a scarp even on the downhill side. On the south-west, the detail of the entrance is confused by a field boundary. There must have originally been some sort of gap, but this has been obscured.

Ton Mawr. The site lies at 240m OD on a broad spur W of Cwm Kenfig about 4km N of Pyle on ground falling gently to the SE. A rather irregular ring varying from 60 to 70m diameter, area about 0.3ha, single rampart consisting of a bank 8.5 to 10m wide half a metre high internally and up to a metre externally. A scarp also exists, 4 to 6.5m wide and about 0.8m high except on the SE where it reaches nearly 2m in height owing to the fall of the ground. Round the NW half there is also an outer ditch 8 to 12m wide and about half a metre deep; the outward turn of its counterscarp on the SW suggests that it never extended round the remainder of the earthwork. The entrance a simple gap on the SW side now less than 2m wide. There are no internal structures.
The scheduled area was extended in 2002 to include a recently identified outer enclosure defined by a low earthwork bank and ditch. (Wiggins and Evans 2005)

Sources :
Wiggins, H and Evans, E , 2005 , Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan with recommendations for fieldwork
01/Desc Text/Cadw/ Full Management Report/2006/ Copy in further information file
Helen Burnham, CADW, 1986,Scheduled Welsh Historic Monuments, visit text (sam GM090, last visited in 2006)
RCAHMW, 1976, An Inventory of The Ancient Monuments In Glamorgan, I, ii, p33 (num.656)

Events :
E001455 : Prehistoric defended enclosures in Glamorgan (year : 2005)

Related PRNs :


July 30, 2014, 5:11 pm - HTML file produced from GGAT HER Charitable Trust Ltd. Heathfield House, Heathfield, Swansea SA1 Tel. 01792 655208; Fax 01792 474469 website: www.ggat.org.uk  email: her@ggat.org.uk Registered Charity no. 505609
Data supplied by in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © GGAT HER Charitable Trust, 2014 (and in part © Crown, 2014).