The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological
Historic Environment Record
following information has been provided under the terms and conditions
of access as detailed on GGAT’s website www.ggat.org.uk.
Copyright is reserved on all data supplied by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust.
All output resulting from the use of the data must acknowledge the source
from information held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust copyright.
data below is intended to be used for information and research only and
is not for use as part of a commercial project. If you wish to use
information derived from material held by the GGAT HER Charitable Trust
for publication in printed or multimedia form or to compile resources for
commercial use, prior permission must be obtained in writing. For further
information or to arrange a visit to the Trust please send an enquiry form
Bishop Barnet's Wood CampPrimary Reference Number (PRN) : 01161g
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Mathern
NGR : ST51969419
Site Type (preferred type first) : Iron Age Enclosure
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument
Small hillslope enclosure on a N-facing slope in dense woodland. Does not appear to be defensive; described variously as circular and roughly rectangular; internal measurements 30.0x35.0m.
Small hillslope enclosure on a N-facing slope in dense woodland. Does not appear to be defensive; described variously as circular and roughly rectangular; internal measurements 30.0x35.0m. Inner bank averages 9.0-10.0m width and 0.4m high externally; ditch 0.7m deep below outer ground; inner bank averages 3.0m wide and 0.4m high. RCAHMW suggests a post-Roman date
GGAT 63 Romano-British SE Wales Settlement Survey (2001)
This defended site lies on a north facing slope within deciduous woodland. Small and sub-rectangular, it has gaps both on the south and east sides.
The site is defended by a bank and ditch, and to the northwest where the slope falls gently away, by a counterscarp bank also. A profile of a north-western section of this bank, ditch and counterscarp gave the following measurements: The inner height of the bank is 0.6m, the outer height into the ditch is 0.8m, the spread of the bank from its crest to where its virtually disappears in the interior is 3.5m. The ditch width is 5m from crest to crest and the inner height of the counterscarp bank into the ditch is 0.4m. The outer height of this counterscarp bank is between 0.6-0.8m, with a spread from the crest to the ground level of about 2.5m. The overall width of the defences at this point is 11m.
The enclosure is built on a slope and the south-eastern corner has been built into the slope itself and as such has no counterscarp bank. A profile of this south-eastern section of this bank and ditch gave the following measurements: the inner height of the bank is between 1-1.2m, with a spread of 5m from the crest to the level of the interior. The ditch is also 5m in width from crest to crest, the inner height of which is between 0.8-1m, the outer height of which is 0.6-0.8m and constitutes the ground level at this point which then continues to rise further eastwards. As a scheduled ancient monument, the enclosure suffers from illegal fires in the interior and would benefit from management of dead wood within the interior. The OS card questions whether this site is of a defended nature. After a site visit it is consider that this is a good example of a prehistoric defended enclosure and matches other such examples within Gwent. (Wiggins 2006)
Wiggins, H , 2006 , Prehistoric defended enclosures in Gwent ( © GGAT)
Evans, E M , 2001 , Romano-British southeast Wales settlement survey: Final report ( © GGAT)
Pm desc text/Evans E/2001/GGAT 63 Romano-British SE Wales Settlement Survey
E001510 : Field visit to Bishop Barnet's wood camp (year : )
E001550 : Prehistoric defended enclosures Gwent (year : 2006)
E001657 : Romano-British Southeast Wales Settlement Survey (year : 1998-2001)
E004581 : Forest Enterprise Welsh Heritage Assets Project:Rhondda/St Gwynno (year : 1999)
Related PRNs :
April 25, 2015, 12:32 am
- HTML file produced from GGAT HER Charitable Trust Ltd. Heathfield House,
Heathfield, Swansea SA1 Tel. 01792 655208; Fax 01792 474469 website: www.ggat.org.uk
email: firstname.lastname@example.org Registered Charity no. 505609
supplied by in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners
of ENDEX © GGAT HER Charitable Trust, 2015 (and in part © Crown,