The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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CHEPSTOW CASTLE

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 01173g
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Chepstow
NGR : ST5333094113
Site Type (preferred type first) : Medieval Castle
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument , listed building I

Summary :
Phillips notes that Chepstow Castle (also known as Striguil) comprises a large masonry edifice on a natural rock outcrop with no evidence of a motte or an earth/timber construction built on the site. He notes that it is one of the first, if not first stone built castles in Wales and has masonry of Roman origin within the original structure. He suggests that the castles position on the river provides an offensive military location guarding the port and waterway into Wales (Philips 2004).

Description :
Phillips notes that Chepstow Castle (also known as Striguil) comprises a large masonry edifice on a natural rock outcrop with no evidence of a motte or an earth/timber construction built on the site. He notes that it is one of the first, if not first stone built castles in Wales and has masonry of Roman origin within the original structure. He suggests that the castles position on the river provides an offensive military location guarding the port and waterway into Wales (Philips 2004).

The area of Chepstow has been well-populated since the Iron Age. The castle was founded between 1067-71 by William fitz Osbern and changed hands a number of times. The excavation identified four areas of archaeological interest (Williams 1994).

An excavation outside the Porch of the Great Hall of Chepstow castle in 1999 revealed footings belonging to a structure pre-dating the main hall and the cellar entrance. (Schlee 1999).

Sources :
Treboth History Group , 2008 , Castles - Treboth History Group
Williams, D.N. , 1994 , Chepstow Castle: Archaeological Watching Brief ( © GGAT)
Phillips, N Dr , 2004 , Thesis: Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050 – 1250
Halfpenny, I , 2001 , Chepstow Castle, Chepstow, Archaeological watching brief
Schlee, D , 1999 , Chepstow Castle Excavations outside the Porch of the Great Hall 1999
CHEPSTOW CASTLE WATCHING BRIEF

Events :
E003885 : Chepstow Castle (year : 1994)
E004063 : Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050 – 1250 (year : 2004)
E002566 : Chepstow castle, Chepstow: WB (year : 2001)
E002529 : The Postern Gate, Chepstow Castle WB (year : 2001)
E002592 : Chepstow Castle EXCAV (year : 1999)

Related PRNs : 4923G


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