The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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NEWCASTLE CASTLE

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 01515g
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Site Type : Motte
Period : Medieval
Community : Llangattock-vibon-avel
NGR : SO44771728
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Summary :
Phillips notes that the badly eroded motte and bailey of Newcastle is situated on private land and that key features include a high vantage point and substantial modern interference (such as a water-tank installed in the top of the motte), a western ditch separating the motte from a narrow crescent shaped eastern bailey, and fallen masonry in the southern ditch of the motte. The highest side of the motte to the south is recorded as 6.21m at a slope gradient of 57.75%, with a conservative estimate of the top surface area measuring 31.03m² but a conservative estimate of the original top. Phillips notes the horn-work with a top surface area of 529.255m² and a maximum height of 4.63m, with the surrounding ditch cut about 0.94m into the natural. The inner ditch is noted to be at a maximum depth of 1.48m. Phillips interprets the site as an early motte and bailey castle which was built for both defensive and offensive purposes (Phillips 2004).

Description :
Phillips notes that the badly eroded motte and bailey of Newcastle is situated on private land and that key features include a high vantage point and substantial modern interference (such as a water-tank installed in the top of the motte), a western ditch separating the motte from a narrow crescent shaped eastern bailey, and fallen masonry in the southern ditch of the motte. The highest side of the motte to the south is recorded as 6.21m at a slope gradient of 57.75%, with a conservative estimate of the top surface area measuring 31.03m² but a conservative estimate of the original top. Phillips notes the horn-work with a top surface area of 529.255m² and a maximum height of 4.63m, with the surrounding ditch cut about 0.94m into the natural. The inner ditch is noted to be at a maximum depth of 1.48m. Phillips interprets the site as an early motte and bailey castle which was built for both defensive and offensive purposes (Phillips 2004).

Sources :
Phillips, N Dr , 2004 , Thesis: Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050 – 1250
01/Desc Text/Cadw/ Full Management Report/2006/ Copy in further information file

Events :
E004063 : Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050 – 1250 (year : 2004)

Related PRNs :


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