The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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CWM BWCHEL

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 01753g
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Site Type : Round barrow
Period : Bronze Age
Community : Crucorney
NGR : SO27592722
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Summary :
The cairn described by OS workers (1975 & 1979) is a partially destroyed round barrow cist situated in open heathland. The mound is circular in form, the N area is almost level whilst the SE area is more substantial in height. It would appear that the N

Description :
The cairn described by OS workers (1975 & 1979) is a partially destroyed round barrow cist situated in open heathland. The mound is circular in form, the N area is almost level whilst the SE area is more substantial in height. It would appear that the N-NW-W of the mound has been robbed away leaving a slight curved earthwork around the cairn's former boundary. To the central S area of the cairn is an impressive cist (diameter; 2m x 1.2m x height; 0.65m) of two long parallel flagstone slabs aligned NE-SW, with smaller slabs (0.4m) defining each open end. There is a linear incision mark (0.16m long) on the inside of the S cist slab that does not appear natural; the incision is 'V' shaped and may have been caused by prehistoric stone rubbing. To the S of the cist is the only area of exposed boulders.
Dimensions: diameter 15.5m; height 1.4m (max)
(1975) c.515m OD, on common land at the NW top end of the Cwm Bwchel brook SW of Llanthony, a deeply cleft mountain side. The site lies on a slightly sloping hill terrace, which soon abrubtly drops towards the brook. The mound has only partly survived on the N side, and only a very low outline of the other 3/4 of the cairn are visible. In front of the mound remains, stand the two great surviving side slabs of the former cist (c.1.85m long by 0.7m high by 0.9m apart). The diameter must have been c.14.5m, the material O.R.S. (Source 02)

(1979) A robbed cairn of which the eastern half survives as a mound of stones 1.3m high. The original diameter of the cairn was probably 15m. The mound has been dug into and the side slabs of a cist are exposed. The slabs are 1.7m long, 0.7m high, and are 0.6m apart. No trace was found of the end slabs or the capstone. The cairn is heather and bracken covered. (Source 05)
GGAT 72 Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Project 2003

Sources :
Cadw , New Entry to the Schedule of Monuments
02/MM Record Card/OS/1975/SO 22 NE 7
03/PM List/1974/County Treasures: Abergavenny
08/MM Record Card/OS/1981/SO 22 NE 14
05/MM Record Card/OS/1979/SO 22 NE 7
01/PM List/Lillie MC/1991/Bronze Age Gwent (University of Nottingham dissertation) p57
04/PM Desc Text/1978/Arch in Wales no34
06/PM List/NCC/1980/Stat Sites Nat Park 1949/Gwent pp6,9,map
Pm desc text/Evans EM/2003/GGAT 72 Prehistoric Funerary and Ritual Sites Project
07/Desc Text/Cadw/ New entry to the schedule of monuments/2009/Copy in further information file

Events :

Related PRNs :


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