The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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Abergavenny Castle

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 01759g
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Community : Abergavenny
NGR : SO2994413962
Site Type (preferred type first) : Medieval Castle
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument , listed building I

Summary :
Phillips notes that key features of Abergavenny Castle include a mixture of masonry ruins (12-19th century) which are situated on top of a previous earth and timber castle with a motte and bailey. It is suggested that the site was chosen as a location due to its natural defences, relation to remains of the Roman Fort of Gobannium, and road links. A great deal of documentary evidence is available, and Phillips interprets the site as being an early motte and bailey most likely built in the late 11th century with its size indicating that it was a large occupation centre (Phillips 2004).

Description :
Phillips notes that key features of Abergavenny Castle include a mixture of masonry ruins (12-19th century) which are situated on top of a previous earth and timber castle with a motte and bailey. It is suggested that the site was chosen as a location due to its natural defences, relation to remains of the Roman Fort of Gobannium, and road links. A great deal of documentary evidence is available, and Phillips interprets the site as being an early motte and bailey most likely built in the late 11th century with its size indicating that it was a large occupation centre (Phillips 2004).

An evaluation undertaken in 1998 on the retaining wall below the north wall of the tower indicated that the retaining wall concealed an early bank which had subsequently been used as the foundation for the North East tower (Sell 1998).

Sources :
Glamorgan Gwent Archaeological Trust , Site Visit Record
Cadw , Application for Scheduled Monument Consent
Maylan C , 1990 , Excavations at the South East Tower of Abergavenny Castle ( © GGAT)
Phillips, N Dr , 2004 , Thesis: Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050 – 1250
Sell, S , 1998 , Abergavenny Castle, Gwent: North East Tower Heritage Recording ( © GGAT)
01/MM List/Cadw/1995/Scheduled Monument Consent (withdrawn)
02/PM Letter/C Hill/1995/Comment on Application for Scheduled Monument Consent
03/GGAT watching brief abergavenny castle 1990
04/Desc Text/Cadw/Application for Scheduled Monument Consent/2007 Copy in further information file.
05/Desc Text/Cadw/2009/Application for Scheduled Monument Consent/copy in further information file
06/Desc Text/Cadw/2009/Application for Scheduled Monument Consent/copy in further information file

Events :
E000306 : ABERGAVENNY CASTLE, WATCHING BRIEF, 1990 (year : 1990)
E004063 : Earthwork Castles of Gwent and Ergyng AD 1050 – 1250 (year : 2004)
E004427 : Abergavenny Castle EVAL (year : 1998)

Related PRNs :


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Data supplied by in partnership with Local Authorities, Cadw and the partners of ENDEX © GGAT HER Charitable Trust, 2014 (and in part © Crown, 2014).