The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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IRONSTONE QUARRIES AT CARREG MAEN TARO

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 03552g
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Site Type : Quarry
Period : Post-Medieval
Community : Blaenavon
NGR : SO23891129
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument , listed building II

Summary :
Ironbridge Assessment Pwll Du 1994 Carreg Maen Taro : Quarry. A well preserved quarry, rectangular in plan, approximately 100m long and 120m in width with a face 7rn in height. The quarry contains a number of remains and is one of the best preserved fe

Description :
A well preserved area of early ironstone workings within the mineral extraction landscape of Blaenavon. Finds of tramroad plates suggest area was worked soon after 1800, with iron ore extracted through 'patch working' and transported to ironworks by tramroad. Area contains quarry faces, hand tips, tramroad routes, coal & iron ore levels, and an extensive system of watercourses connected with scouring. Two steam engines were also in operation within the area of SO 2384 1118 and SO 2394 1127. (02)

Ironbridge Assessment Pwll Du 1994 Carreg Maen Taro : Quarry. A well preserved quarry, rectangular in plan, approximately 100m long and 120m in width with a face 7rn in height. The quarry contains a number of remains and is one of the best preserved features on the site. A tramway (Tr5)(KL 20/2) enters the quarry from the south and runs north (KL 2011), terminating in a ruined stone structure built into the quarry face (S.M.R 3552g; KL 42/1). To the south of this structure, again built into the quarry face, is a very ruinous stone structure (S.M.R 3552g., KL 4412). A number of tramway beds are visible within the quarry, including one which branches off from the main line in a loop. The quarry contains the remains of three small pools, the most eastern of which has the remains of a small stone structure beside it (S.M.R 3553g; YL 4411). 'Re spoil from the quarry was tipped to the south, where an area of fan ridge spoil tips is visible. An ironstone quarry, probably working the Black Pins outcrop. The date is uncertain, but as the tramroad running into it probably dates from at least the 1840's (see Tr5), it may belong to the same period. The quarry is shown as disused on the 1880 O.S map and appears to have been partially back filled as it once joined with the quarrying at the top of the Dyne Steel Incline (Qu8). The ruined structure adjacent to the pool has been identified as a winding engine (KL 4411) perhaps for use on the tramroad running into it. The two structures against the northern face of the quarry have been identified as a works' shed (KL 4211) and an engine house (KL 4412), although it is not specified where the evidence for this identification comes from. The structures were probably all in a ruinous state by the late nineteenth century as none are shown on the 1880 O.S map.

see also PRN03553g


Sources :
Richardson, S. , 1994 , Pwll Du, Gwent; An Archaeological Desk Top Assessment
02/MM Desc Text/CADW/ Wakelin AP/2000
01/Ironbridge assessment Pwll du 1994

Events :
E003864 : Pwll Du, Gwent; An Archaeological Desk Top Assessment (year : 1994)

Related PRNs :


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