The Glamorgan-Gwent Archaeological Trust
Historic Environment Record
 

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BRITISH IRONWORKS AIR FURNACE

Primary Reference Number (PRN) : 04698g
Trust : Glamorgan Gwent
Site Type : Reverberatory furnace
Period : Post-Medieval
Community : Abersychan
NGR : SO25710360
Legal Protection : scheduled ancient monument

Summary :
Extremely rare remains of an air furnace: a kind of reverberatory furnace for re-melting cast iron. These were commonly used in foundries in the industrial revolution, but were gradually superceded by the cupola furnace. No other remains of an air-fur

Description :
Extremely rare remains of an air furnace: a kind of reverberatory furnace for re-melting cast iron. These were commonly used in foundries in the industrial revolution, but were gradually superceded by the cupola furnace. No other remains of an air-furnace are known in Wales, and the 2 examples currently known in England have only fragmentary remains.
The British Ironworks operated from 1827 to 1881. The foundry quadrangle of which this furnace was part was probably built n the early 1830s.
The furnace is partially collapsed but appears to retain all its main elements. It consists of a long fire brick hearth held together with iron ties.
The furnace is in a courtyard of derelict foundry buildings and is itself in an unstable condition.

Sources :
Hawkes J , 1993 , Archaeological Assessment of The British Reclaimation Scheme,Near Abersychan, Gwent.
, 1992 , British Iron Works, Abersychan, Gwent: An Archaeological Report.
Riden P , 1994 , Historical, Topographical and Archaeological Assessment of the Implications of The British Reclaimation Scheme, Abersychan, Gwent.
01/MM List/Cadw/1994/SAM Lists

Events :
E003947 : Archaeological Assessment of The British Reclaimation Scheme, Near Abersychan, Gwent (year : 1993)
E003946 : British Iron Works,Abersychan, Gwent: An Archaeological Report (year : 1992)
E003948 : Historical,Topographical and Archaeological Assessment of the Implications of The British Reclaimation Scheme, Abersychan, Gwent. (year : 1994)
E002182 : 'The British', Pontypool: Archaeological Evaluation Report EVAL (year : )

Related PRNs : 04596g, 02515g


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